C: Pentecost Sunday

The Goose of Pentecost

May 30, 2004

John 14:15-16, 23b-26

We cannot see the Holy Spirit.  So throughout the centuries writers and artists have struggled to come up with an adequate image to represent the Spirit.  The evangelists had an idea.  At Jesus’ baptism they represented the Spirit descending upon Him in the form of a dove.  The image of the dove has been widely accepted.  Most works of Christian art that represent the Spirit as a white bird floating in the sky.  Throughout the middle ages there was a custom that on the feast of Pentecost hundreds of white doves would be released from church steeples.  This custom continued until people realized that the cleanup for the doves was as extensive as its symbolism.  The dove is graceful, gentle, seductive.  These are qualities of God’s Spirit, but they certainly are not all of them.  The dove is an incomplete image, perhaps too sweet and sentimental.

The Irish had another idea.  In the old Celtic tradition the Holy Spirit was not represented as a gentle dove. It was pictured—get ready for this—as a wild goose.  Now geese are very different than doves.  They are uncontrollable and their honk is wild and obtrusive.  They have a habit of biting those who try to contain them.  They always travel in flocks and their attitude is such that farmers routinely use geese as a kind of watchdog.  This is perhaps why the Celts thought that the goose would be a good symbol for God’s Spirit.  For the Spirit comes into our lives not in quiet complacency, but demanding to be heard.  Its message is not attractive to many.  It calls us to respect one another and to travel as a group.  And those upon whom the Spirit descends become noisy, passionate, courageous people who are guardians of the gospel.

Pentecost is the wild goose of a St. Patrick, who risked his life to evangelize the Emerald Isle. It is a Francis Xavier, who traveled to China and died there in order to spread the gospel. It is a Dorothy Day, who was taken to prison as she voiced  justice for the poor.  The wild goose of Pentecost is the whistle blower, the Meals on Wheels provider, the hospital visitor, mothers organizing against drunk driving, college students giving a year of their life in the Jesuit Volunteer Corp in Appalachia.  Those on whom this brash Spirit descends become noisy advocates for justice: advocating health care reform, running drug rehabilitation programs, helping people find jobs, trying to make a difference in the world.  When those who are possessed by this Spirit see big corporations such as Nike profiting hundreds of millions of dollars on running shoes and realize that those shoes are being produced by poor women in Viet Nam who receive a handful of change for an 18 hour day, they babble “That’s not right.” The Spirit of God does not come into our world to preserve the status quo. God’s spirit  insists that wrongs must be righted; that justice must be done. 

So what would happen to us if we opened our hearts and let this wild goose of the Spirit in?  We might find the courage to face problems in our marriage, insisting that dialogue happen, seeking counseling, demanding that things change.  We might find the strength to break off destructive relationships and to stop habits that are degrading our worth and integrity.  We might push our way into situations where people are being demeaned because of their race, creed, or sexual orientation and insist that there be fair treatment for all.  We might stop fattening ourselves with wealth and power and instead use the things that are ours for the betterment of others. 

We need to claim this wild and uncontrollable goose because it is all to easy to domesticate God’s Spirit. It is all too easy to live day to day seduced by the quiet, lulling, cooing of our own comfort.  Every once in awhile we need to hear that wild honk that calls us back to the original message of Jesus which demands responsibility and justice, which insists that we stand up for ourselves and for others. We must be startled by that Spirit squawk that reminds us that whatever we do for the least of our brothers or sisters we do for Christ. 

All in all, I think the Celts had it right.  Pentecost is a Feast of Geese, wild, dirty, loud geese, honking the gospel, biting those who would oppress the weak, insisting that we travel together in worship and in service; geese that challenge our comfortable Christian coziness and remind us that we have dignity and that we must fight for the widow and the orphan; geese whose song expresses the truth so well voiced in the Letter of James that “faith without works is dead.”

This homily has been adapted from a Pentecost homily by Fr. William Bausch in “A World of Stories.”


Seeing the Invisible

May 27, 2007

John 20:19-23

God acts in visible and invisible ways.  The scriptures describe God visiting our ancestors in visible form.  God walked with Adam and Eve in the cool of the garden, visited Abraham in the heat of the afternoon by the oaks of Mamre, spoke to Moses face to face on Mount Sinai.  Of course, we as Christians believe that God became one of us in Jesus of Nazareth.  Jesus is for us God made visible.  But God’s actions are not limited only to these visible manifestations.  In fact, God acts more frequently and more universally in ways that we cannot see.  This brings us to today’s feast, the Feast of Pentecost.  Because today we celebrate the gift of the Spirit, and it is through the Spirit of God that God works invisibly in our lives and in our world.  When we say, “I believe in the Holy Spirit,” we say that God is present and active in all things, in all things but sin.  When we say, “I believe in the Holy Spirit”, we say that there is no natural process, no historical development that is independent of God. God is present invisibly in all things, guiding the events of nature and history.

The famous Jewish comedian, Heni Youngman, was famous for his one-liners.  On his ninetieth birthday a friend asked him, “Heni, to what do you give credit for your long life?”  Without skipping a beat, Youngman responded, “Breathing.”   There you have it.  There’s no argument about that. Where there is no breath, there is no life.  It is our invisible breath which sustains our lives from minute to minute, day to day, year to year. 

In today’s gospel Jesus breathes on the disciples and says, “Receive the Holy Spirit.”  It is the Spirit of God who is the breath of the world, working invisibly to carry creation towards the Kingdom.  In the Holy Spirit we believe that there is no time or circumstance, in which God is not somehow invisibly active. 

Let me just give you one example.  You are the person you are largely because of the genetic makeup you receive from your parents.  It was the genes from your mother or father which made you male or female, short or tall, healthy or prone to disease.  But your parents in turn received their genetic makeup from their parents who each had two parents.  So, as you move from generation to generation, the genetic material doubles.  If we were to take a period of time, say 500 years (which amounts to about 21 generations) and do the math, everyone sitting here this evening has over 2 million people in your gene pool.  That is a huge amount of people.  And you can be assured that in that pool there were some geniuses and some goofballs; there were some poets and some dunderheads; there were some lovers and some loners; some saints and some sinners.  All of them made a contribution.  All of them contributed to the people we are today. 

What I just described was a natural process. All I did was do the math for the last 500 years.  But because we believe in the Holy Spirit, we believe that that process was invisibly guided by God.  God was working through the lives of all our ancestors to make us the unique daughter or son we are today. 

In the Holy Spirit we believe that in every age and in every circumstance God is present moving us toward the Kingdom.  Such belief should give us constant cause for hope and for courage.  It should give us cause for hope. If the Spirit of God is always active in every time and place, then there is a force in our world that is opposed to the evil that surrounds us.  Even though there might be problems in our family, sickness in our body, or violence and hatred in our world, if the Spirit of God is invisibly moving among us, there is always the possibility that evil will be vanquished and that good will be victorious.  If the invisible power of God is moving among us, there is always reason for hope.  There is also reason for courage. If God’s spirit is real and active, we can dare to do the right thing, even when we face opposition.  We will dare to make peace even though there is no guarantee that the forces of hatred or violence will respond.  We will dare to work for justice even though the powers of selfishness and greed seem overwhelming.  We will support the poor and the vulnerable even though those who are unconcerned are indifferent.  When we believe that the Spirit of God is active and moving among us, we will find the courage to work for what is right even though it seems impossible, because we know that we are not alone. 

The Spirit of God is the breath of the world, constantly holding onto creation and moving it towards the Kingdom.  Believing in that Spirit gives us constant reason for hope and for courage.  We hope that God’s that there will be a better future, that God’s plan for creation will be done. We find the courage to cooperate with the Spirit to make God’s plan a reality.


The Light of the Spirit

May 24, 2010

Acts 2:1-11

It is impossible for us to conceive of an adequate idea of God.  God is so much greater than us and so different from us that we can never completely understand God.  In fact we can only approach an understanding of God by using images that try to capture at least an aspect of who God is and who God is for us.  This is nowhere more true than in our efforts to describe God the Holy Spirit.  There are a variety of images in our tradition which point to an aspect of who the Spirit is.  We see one in today’s first reading where the Spirit comes upon the disciples as tongues of fire.

What can fire tell us about the Holy Spirit?  Again, there are many aspects of fire. But today I want to reflect upon the quality of fire which is light.  The Spirit of God is given to each one of us to be light for others and light for the world. 

An American traveler was visiting Switzerland and he spent one evening with a Swiss family in a remote mountain village.  After dinner the family informed him that they were going to church for an evening prayer and invited him to go along.  He did.  They walked through the city to the parish church which was an old but beautiful building on a hill overlooking the town.  They arrived there around twilight.  As the visitor looked at the church he noticed it was without any modern amenities.  It had no electricity, and therefore no lights.  He began to wonder what would happen as night fell.  The family with whom he had come had brought a lantern, but one lantern would certainly not be enough to light the church.  But as the waited for the service to begin, the visitor looked through the window of the church. He saw lights coming from the houses and the hills all around the village, like so many fireflies at dusk.  Each family coming to church was bearing a lantern.  When all the families arrived at the church building, the church was filled with light.  They prayed evening prayer together. By the time the prayer was over, it was completely dark.  The visitor watched as the lights of each of those individual families went forth from the church, back into the town and the surrounding hillside. His experience of that evening prayer service is a wonderful image of the light of the Holy Spirit. 

We believe that each one of us has been given the Spirit of God as a flame within us, a flame that gives light.  But believers understand that they have to regularly come together so that that light can be brighter and clearer.  This is why we gather in this church regularly to join together in worship of God.  When we come here the light of our faith becomes amplified and strong.  Those who come whose light is dim are encouraged by the light of others.  Those who experience loss can find comfort here. Those who carry hurts can open themselves to healing. Those who struggle with sickness can regenerate hope.  We come together carrying individually the light of the Spirit. But in this place our light is revitalized. We find our faith strengthened in the presence of one another because our individual lights have been made one. 

But the purpose of our coming together is more than just our own strengthening and comfort.  Because the mission of the church, our coming together equips us to go forth from this place renewed, bringing the light of Christ to others.  We go forth bringing the light of the Spirit into our homes, into our workplaces, into our relationships.  We come together to be strengthened. We disperse to bring the light of Christ to every aspect of our society.  It is not by chance that today’s feast of Pentecost, which is the feast of the Holy Spirit, is also called the birthday of the church.  The Spirit and the church work together to fulfill Christ’s mission and Christ’s Gospel. 

We gather together as a church to renew ourselves and to strengthen our light.  We go forth to bear that light to others.  We gather in this place so that we might recognize the light of the Spirit within us. We disperse from this place so that the light of the Spirit can transform the world. 


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